Discs are located between the vertebrae of the spine to help minimize shock and help optimize movement. As we age, the discs lose their elasticity and may tear or bulge onto the spinal nerves. This can produce extreme muscle spasms and pain to low back and legs and/or numbness and tingling to legs and toes.
Low Back Pain
Contributing factors to low back pain can include trauma resulting from falls, vehicular or sporting accidents, poor body mechanics and work ergonomics, degenerative diseases resulting in decreased strength and muscular/structural imbalances. Symptoms may manifest themselves as pain located around the waistline and/or lower extremities, and possibly, numbness and tingling to the lower extremities. If any of these symptoms persist or worsen, seek immediate medical attention.
Low Back Strain
Muscle strains may occur as a result of poor body mechanics with daily activities/work tasks or unexpected movement (i.e. lifting heavy objects, slipping and falling, motor vehicle or sporting accidents. All of these can cause the muscles to contract beyond their normal limits placing stress on the spine. Consult a physician for a diagnosis to determine the severity of the injury.
Spondylolisthesis is a condition in which a bone in the spinal column (vertebra) slips out of the proper position onto the bone below it. The individual may or may not experience pain and is usually the result of repetitive stress to the spine. In adults, the most common cause is wear and tear on the cartilage and bones such as is associated with arthritis and other degenerative diseases.